HaProxy is used by popular sites such as Tumblr, GitHub, and StackOverflow. In this guide, we will take you through the installation of HAProxy in a setup of webservers that are powered using Nginx.
3 instances of CentOS 7 servers as shown
Step 1: Edit the /etc/hosts file for the load balancer
To start off, log into the load balancer system and modify the /etc/hosts file to include the hostnames and IP addresses of the two web servers as shown
Once done, save the changes and exit the configuration file.
Now head out to each of the web servers and update the /etc/hosts file with the IP address and hostname of the load balancer
Thereafter, confirm that you can ping the load balancer from server_01
And likewise from server_02
Also, make sure, you can ping the servers from the load balancer.
Perfect ! all servers can communicate with the load balancer!
Step 2: Install and configure HA Proxy on the load balancer
Because HA Proxy is readily available from CentOS official repository, we are going to install it using the yum or dnf package manager.
But as always, update the system first
Next, install HA Proxy as shown
Upon successful installation, navigate to the haproxy directory.
Best practice requires us to back up any configuration file before making any modifications. So Backup the haproxy.cfg file by renaming it.
Next, proceed and open the configuration file
Ensure you make the modification as shown
# Global settings
log 127.0.0.1 local2 #Log configuration
user haproxy #Haproxy running under user and group "haproxy"
# turn on stats unix socket
stats socket /var/lib/haproxy/stats
# common defaults that all the ‘listen’ and ‘backend’ sections will
# use if not designated in their block
option forwardfor except 127.0.0.0/8
timeout http-request 10s
timeout queue 1m
timeout connect 10s
timeout client 1m
timeout server 1m
timeout http-keep-alive 10s
timeout check 10s
#HAProxy Monitoring Config
listen haproxy3-monitoring *:8080 #Haproxy Monitoring run on port 8080
stats refresh 5s
stats uri /stats #URL for HAProxy monitoring
stats realm Haproxy Statistics
stats auth Password123: Password123#User and Password for login to the monitoring dashboard
stats admin if TRUE
default_backend app-main #This is optionally for monitoring backend
# FrontEnd Configuration
# BackEnd round robin as balance algorithm
balance roundrobin #Balance algorithm
option httpchk HEAD / HTTP/1.1rnHost: localhost
#Check the server application is up and healty – 200 status code
server server_01 184.108.40.206:80 check #Nginx1
server server_02 220.127.116.11:80 check #Nginx2
Be sure to modify the web servers hostname and IP addresses as indicated in the last two lines. Save the changes and exit.
The next step will be to configure Rsyslog to be able to log HAProxy statistics.
Make sure you uncomment the lines below to allows UDP connections
Next, proceed and create a new configuration file haproxy.conf
Paste the following lines, save and exit
local2.notice /var/log/haproxy-info.log #For Service Info – Backend, loadbalancer
For the changes to take effect restart the rsyslog daemon as shown:
Then start and enable HAProxy
# systemctl enable rsyslog
Verify that HAProxy is running
Step 3: Install and configure Nginx
Now, the only part remaining is the installation of Nginx. Log into each of the servers and first update the system packages:
Next install EPEL (Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux)
To install Nginx, run the command:
Next, start and enable Nginx
# systemctl enable nginx
We are then going to modify the index.html file in both cases in order to demonstrate or simulate how the load balancer is able to distribute web traffic across both servers.
For the changes to be effected, restart Nginx
Step 4: Testing if the load balancer is working
We are finally at the point where we want to see if the configuration is working. So log into the load balancer and execute the curl command repeatedly
You should get alternating output on the terminal showing the value of index.html from server_01 and server_02
Now let’s test using a web browser. Browse your load balancer’s IP address
The first page will display content from any of the web servers
Now refresh the webpage and check to see if it displays content from the other web server
Perfect ! The load balance is distributing IP traffic equally between the two web servers !
This wraps up this tutorial on how you can install as well as configure HAProxy on CentOS 8. Your feedback will be much appreciated.